Wonder Women at Comic-Con 2019

From L–R: Te Fiti (MOANA), Shuri (BLACK PANTHER), Glimmer ("She-Ra and the Princess of Power"), La Mujer Maravillosa

What did Comic-Con 2019 preview about women in entertainment?

Every July, tens of thousands of people flock to San Diego for Comic-Con International. Established in 1970 as a fan convention focusing on comic books and sci-fi, it has since evolved to be seen as a major professional conference breaking news about pop culture and entertainment across all genres. In case you weren’t in attendance this past weekend, here are just some of the female-focused announcements and panels to have come out of “SDCC.”

ReFrame News

ReFrame Rise Fellow Hanelle Culpepper debuts trailer for her first pilot, “Star Trek: Picard,” one of the best-received trailers from the entire convention

Culpepper is the first woman to launch a “Star Trek” series, and “Star Trek” Executive Producer Alex Kurtzman has praised her for being a “gifted and dynamic filmmaker whose directorial choices are always deeply rooted in character.”

“One Day at a Time” producer/writer Gloria Calderón Kellett announced as ReFrame Ambassador

Alison Emilio, Director of ReFrame, on Women Rocking Hollywood panel

Emilio was joined by Liesl Tommy (director, RESPECT, “The Walking Dead”), Gloria Calderón Kellett (co-creator/writer/director, “One Day at a Time”), Catherine Hardwicke (director, TWILIGHT, MISS BALA), Cheryl Dunye (producing director, “Queen Sugar”), Jen McGowan (director, RUST CREEK; founder, Glass Elevator), Angela Robinson (producer/writer/director: “True Blood,” director: PROFESSOR MARSTON AND THE WONDER WOMEN), and C Fitz (director, JEWEL’S CATCH ONE, “Queen Sugar”). Moderated by Leslie Combemale (creator: WomenRockingHollywood, journalist: Cinema Siren website).

ReFrame Ambassador Catherine Hardwicke shared about her new series, “Don’t Look Deeper,” set for an April 2020 debut on Quibi. Read more about the panel at RogerEbert.com.

Marvel-ous News

Chloé Zhao (THE RIDER, 2017) announced as director of Marvel Phase 4 film THE ETERNALS

The 2020 film will star Angelina Jolie and Salma Hayek, and will feature the first MCU character with a disability, who will be played by Deaf actor Lauren Ridloff (“The Walking Dead”).

Natalie Portman announces return to the MCU in Taika Waititi’s 2021 THOR: LOVE AND THUNDER

Portman’s character, astrophysicist Jane Foster, will follow the trajectory of a comic book storyline, wherein she’s deemed worthy to wield the hammer Mjolnir, thus taking on the title of Thor, Goddess of Thunder.

THOR: LOVE AND THUNDER’s Valkyrie will be the MCU’s first openly LGBTQ character

Tessa Thompson will be reprising her role as the Asgardian who is written as bisexual in the comic book source material.

Director Cate Shortland‘s BLACK WIDOW release date announced: May 1, 2020

The Scarlett Johansson-led feature will co-star Rachel Weisz and Florence Pugh.

Other Marvel stars and actors announced include Elisabeth Olsen in the Disney+ series “WandaVision,” the as-yet-uncast Kate Bishop in “Hawkeye” on Disney+, and Awkwafina in SHANG-CHI AND THE LEGEND OF THE TEN RINGS. Sequels have been announced to CAPTAIN MARVEL and BLACK PANTHER, with details still speculative.

News from the DCEU and Beyond

  • The trailer for this Fall’s “Batwoman” series debuts, starring Ruby Rose; the character is an out lesbian
  • Adult animated series “Harley Quinn” will feature the voice talents of EP Kaley Cuoco, and Women In Film Board Member Lake Bell
  • Season 5 of “Supergirl” sees a practical costume change for the heroine (played by Melissa Benoist)
  • Jennifer Connelly to star in series adaptation of Bong Joon-ho’s 2013 film SNOWPIERCER
  • Showrunner Lauren Schmidt Hissrich to adapt “The Witcher” video game to series for Netflix

Got FOMO? Looking to connect with professionals who addressed issues of gender equality, diversity, and inclusion at Comic-Con this year? Maybe you’re seeking IP that’s about or created by women and girls? Click the names of the panels below to see which people and organizations were involved.

Film & TV

A trailblazing actress, author, and advocate, Sonia Manzano speaks about the important role of women and diversity in media.
Horror veterans Jocelin Donahue (THE HOUSE OF THE DEVIL, DOCTOR SLEEP), Alex Essoe (DOCTOR SLEEP, STARRY EYES), Alaina Huffman (THE PERFECTION, “Supernatural”), Heidi Honeycutt (American Cinematheque’s Etheria Film Night), Mali Elfman (BEFORE I WAKE, THE PARTY’S JUST BEGINNING), and Ruth Connell (“Supernatural”) lead a discussion of how horror roles can empower women by giving them the opportunity to be the hero of the story-or the villain. Moderated by John Marcotte (Heroic Girls).
Award-winning diverse women writers and producers will discuss creating stories with strong diverse female characters across TV, animation, comics, and games; they’ll also address the importance of diverse representation, getting started in writing, and their career paths from writing to executive producing top shows. Panelists include Nicole Dubuc (“Star Wars Forces of Destiny,” “Star Wars Rebels;” producer of “Transformers: Rescue Bots Academy;” winner of WGA Animation Writing Award), Denise Downer (Marvel’s “Avengers Assemble: Black Panther’s Quest,” Power Rangers Beast Morphers”), Keto Shimizu (“DC’s Legends of Tomorrow;” executive producer and writer, “Arrow”), Silvia Olivas (Disney’s “Elena of Avalor;” producer and writer, “Moesha”), Anne Toole (Horizon Zero Dawn, WGA Video Game Award winner; “The Lizzie Bennet Diaries”), Joelle Sellner (“DC Super Hero Girls,” “Sonic Boom”), and Gloria Shen (Disney Channel’s “Amphibia”). Moderated by Kevin Winston, CEO, Digital LA.
From the production companies that brought you TRANSFORMERS, DEADPOOL, the LEGO movies, “The Walking Dead,” Lumberjanes, and MISSION: IMPOSSIBLE, women executives discuss how they are pushing for female representation in Hollywood while adapting comics and games to the big screen. Moderator Tiffany Smith (DC All Access) is joined by panelists Jeannette Francis (Bad Robot), Mette Norkjaer (BOOM! Studios), Nikki Baida (Genre Films), Grey Cusack (Hasbro/Allspark Pictures), Aubrey Lee (Lord Miller), and Sam Crawley (Skybound Entertainment).
A discussion among fierce, fearless actresses Shohreh Aghdashloo (“The Expanse”), Freema Agyeman (“New Amsterdam,” “Doctor Who,” “Sense8”), Betty Gilpin (THE HUNT, “GLOW”), Ruby Rose (“Batwoman”), and Cobie Smulders (“Stumptown”) who open up about the power and privilege of playing women that redefine the rules and refuse to yield.
Female superheroes are finally getting their due on screen and reigning at the box office. STAR WARS now centers on a female Jedi, BLACK PANTHER brought a dynamic array of female characters to the MCU, and there is the first female Doctor since the character’s 1963 debut. Women-owned companies like Jordandené and subscription boxes like FanMail provide female-fan-forward fashion and merchandising opportunities that didn’t exist a decade ago. Online commentary from sites like SYFYFangrrls, fangirl-run podcasts, and events like GeekGirlCon continue to successfully challenge the notion that fandom is a male-dominated space. So why are women still having to prove themselves as consumers and community members, as well as pop culture enthusiasts and producers? Why has the “fake geek girl” myth persisted? Join Jennifer K. Stuller (Ink-Stained Amazons and Cinematic Warriors; co-founder, GeekGirlCon), Suzanne Scott (UT Austin, Fake Geek Girls: Fandom, Gender, and the Convergence Culture Industry), Sarah Kuhn (Heroine ComplexShadow of the Batgirl), Britta Lundin (Ship It, “Riverdale”), Rose Del Vecchio (FanMail), and Rebecca M. Davis (NW POC Geeks; Nerdlesque MC; GeekGirlCon), and C. B. Lee (Not Your SidekickNot Your Villain) as they punch holes in the sky for a dynamic, inquisitive, compassionate, community-building discussion exploring how far they’ve come culturally as female fans, struggles they still face as cultural critics and culture makers—and ways for us all to go higher, further, and much much faster.

Meet the talented women changing the status quo in film and television projects like “Game of Thrones,” “Better Call Saul,” “The OA” Part II, “Watchmen,” SPACE JAM 2, CLUELESS, “Santa Clarita Diet,” “Unikitty!,” ENCHANTED, “BoJack Horseman,” “Black Monday,” SCARY STORIES TO TELL IN THE DARK, FAHRENHEIT 451, WAR FOR THE PLANET OF THE APES, RAMPAGE, and more! Get insight from famed composers, costume, production, and sound designers on how they use their craft to champion for women empowerment, diversity, and inclusion in entertainment. These fearless women are revolutionizing Hollywood and they’re here to stay. Panelists include Paula Fairfield (“Game of Thrones”), Judy Rhee (“Better Call Saul”), Mona May (CLUELESS, ENCHANTED, “Santa Clarita Diet”), Meghan Kasperlik (“The OA” Part II, “Watchmen”), Melissa Bruning (SPACE JAMS 2, WAR FOR THE PLANET OF THE APES), Anna Drubich (SCARY STORIES TO TELL IN THE DARK), Anna Hollingsworth (“Unikitty!,” “BoJack Horseman”), and more. Moderated by Chandra Feltus (partner and director at Neer Motion) and Fiorella Occhipinti (cinematographer). Introduction by Impact24 PR’s Andrea Resnick.

Fandango and TCM correspondent Alicia Malone (author, Backwards & In Heels: The Past, Present and Future of Women Working in Film; The Female Gaze: Essential Movies Made by Women) returns to Comic-Con to conduct a new conversation about women working in genre film, the essential movies, the pioneers who paved the way, and the evolving landscape. Experts and filmmakers on the panel will give insights, discuss favorites, and share their own experiences. Featuring Rachel Morrison (DP, BLACK PANTHER), Julia Hart (director, FAST COLOR), Gale Anne Hurd (producer, ALIENS, “The Walking Dead”) and Jacqueline Coley (editor, Rotten Tomatoes).
Glass ceilings have been shattered and shows and films such as “Star Trek: Discovery,” CAPTAIN MARVEL, “Steven Universe,” and AVENGERS: ENDGAME are major entries in terms of women’s representation—but is it enough? What comes next on the journey to see more women and more types of women represented in pop culture? Tamara Brooks (DCComics.com, Geek & Sundry), Valerie Complex (film critic, screenwriter), Dani Fernandez (Nerdist, writer for Comedy Central), Jennifer Kretchmer (D&D Beyond’s Heroes of the Vale, “Veronica Mars”), Toni Sanchez (writer/host, That Hashtag Show), and Jessica Tseang (Little Geek Girls, comic book historian) discuss recent breakthroughs and look toward the future for women’s representation in the nerdy frontier.
Panelists will explore gender roles of women in the modern entertainment industry. They will discuss their careers and experiences working in their various fields, focusing on success stories, and how to follow your dreams in the industry and creative professions. Moderated by Michelle Nguyen Bradley.
Hear from a panel of talented women from the Art Directors Guild whose careers span a variety of design roles within the film and TV industries. They will discuss their professional journeys in the industry, how they envision the Art Department of the future, and the unique challenges they face as visual storytellers, creating distinct and wondrous worlds for today’s most popular films and TV shows. Oscar-winning production designer Hannah Beachler (BLACK PANTHER, MOONLIGHT), art director Aashrita Kamath (AVATAR 2 and 3, KONG: SKULL ISLAND), graphic designer Ellen Lampl (BUMBLEBEE, JURASSIC WORLD), specialist set designer Andrea Onorato (AVATAR 2 and 3, “Westworld”), art director Erin Riegel (BIRDS OF PREY, CAPTAIN MARVEL), and moderator Kate Weddle (set designer).
There have been positive developments in the last year for women in television and film. Initiatives like the 4% challenge are making news, movies and TV identified as gender-balanced are getting ReFrame stamps, and companies like OWN, Annapurna, Netflix, and Sundance continue to expand opportunities for intersectional women, supporting great content in the process. Changes are happening, but are they happening fast enough, and how can industry insiders and fans help the forward momentum? Come see the inspired, talented powerhouse panelists of Women Rocking Hollywood 2019 share their perspective and talk about their exciting new projects. Scheduled to appear: Alison Emilio (director: ReFrame, advisory board: Horizon Award), Liesl Tommy (director, RESPECT, “The Walking Dead”), Gloria Calderón Kellett (executive story editor/producer, “How I Met Your Mother;” co-creator/writer/director, “One Day at a Time”), Catherine Hardwicke (director, TWILIGHT, “Don’t Look Deeper”), Cheryl Dunye (producing director, “Queen Sugar; director, DAVID MAKES MAN), Jen McGowan (director, RUST CREEK; founder, Glass Elevator), Angela Robinson (producer/writer/director: “True Blood,” director: PROFESSOR MARSTON AND THE WONDER WOMEN), and C Fitz (director, JEWEL’S CATCH ONE, “Queen Sugar”). Moderated by Leslie Combemale (creator: Women Rocking Hollywood, journalist: Cinema Siren website).
A woman’s place is anywhere she wants on a Hollywood set! Ever wonder what all the titles mean in the end credits? Do you dream of making movies, but not sure how or where to start? Join a discussion with Kacie Kane (director of post production, Marvel Studios), Amanda Rohlke (producer, Nat Geo’s “Mars”), Temma Hankin (unit stills photographer, THE INVITATION), Meg Wilbur (SFX makeup artist, ALIEN anthology), and Stephanie Gangel (assistant music editor, HBO’s “Deadwood”) as they explore all the ways to get involved in film and television. Following Q&A session moderated by entertainment publicist Brittany Sandler.

Comics, Games, and More

Sarah Hebbler (executive producer, Psyonix), Janessa Christine (account manager, Online Performer’s Group), Candela S. Rebot (founder/chief creative officer, Sparkd Studios), and Helen Theriault (store manager, Microsoft) are the panelists who will be discussing the ways to improve the cultural differences and experiences of women in the gaming industry. A Q&A session will follow the panel discussion. Moderated by Donnell Hilliard (assistant store manager, Microsoft).
It’s the annual look at the state of writing about comics. Editors and writers reveal the ups and downs of covering comics, comic cons, and comics media, with a special emphasis on social media’s impact—from cancel culture, responding to reviews, scrambling for scoops, making sure diverse voices are heard and more. With Wendy Browne (Women Write About Comics), Corrina Lawson (Geek Mom), Therese Lacson (Nerdophiles), Rosie Knight (Nerdist), James Viscardi (Comicbook.com), and others.
How does the use of conjure or rootwork in comic narratives reconfigure identity, morality, and power? This panel explores how, despite its contentious nature, this folk magic has been a fruitful source of critique of the interplay of power and identity and sheds light on the shadowed spaces that still mystify our nation. John Jennings (University of California, Riverside) explores this folk magic as a symbolic narrative device in Jook Joint, Bitter Root, House of Whispers, and Bone Parish that boldly challenges the status quo in comics. Kinitra Brooks (Michigan State University) examines Black women’s rootworking traditions via Harrow County and “conjure feminism.” Stanford Carpenter (BCAF, Pocket Con) shows how nonbinary trickster figures in Juke Joint call the alignment of might and right into question by moving away from morality and centering the consequences of the struggle to survive and overcome.
In this exciting era of comics storytelling, marginalized communities, voices, and topics are being brought to the attention of audiences everywhere. Creators Marc Andreyko (Love Is Love), Harmony Becker (Himawari Share, They Called Us Enemy), Regine Sawyer (Women in Comics NYC Collective), and additional guests will present a thoughtful discussion on the utility of sequential storytelling for stimulating meaningful debate and—dare we hope—change. Moderated by They Called Us Enemy co-author Justin Eisinger.

Captain Marvel, Wonder Woman, Harley Quinn. Comic book women have been kicking ass across panels and pages for decades. But what is the secret sauce that makes some of these characters take off and other fall flat? Ming Chen (cast member, AMC’s “Comic Book Men,” I Sell Comics! podcast), Amy Chu (writer, Poison Ivy, Red Sonja), Alitha Martinez (artist, Batgirl, Black Panther: World of Wakanda), and Terry Moore (creator, Strangers in Paradise, Motor Girl) analyze the key ingredients of successful character building and discuss the challenges of writing and drawing for today’s audiences.

John Semper, Jr. (“Spider-Man: The Animated Series,” Fox TV Animation), Kinitra Brooks (Searching for Sycorax: Black Women’s Hauntings of Contemporary Horror, 2017 Bram Stoker Award nominee), David Walker (Bitter Root, Image Comics and Legendary Pictures), Stanford Carpenter (Black & Brown Comix Arts Festival), and Jazmine Joyner (pop culture journalist, Rotten Tomatoes) discuss diversity, visibility, and inclusion in comics and popular culture, moderated by Aaron Grizzell (executive director of the NorcalMLK Foundation).

Many people love manga but sometimes don’t see themselves represented as often as they’d like—or even at all. TOKYOPOP will host a discussion about the importance of increasing diversity in manga titles and give attendees a preview of upcoming International Women of Manga releases.

Friends of Lulu was a nonprofit founded 25 years ago to get more women and girls involved in comics-and it worked! Hear from founding board members Jackie Estrada (Exhibit A Press, Comic Book People), Heidi MacDonald (The Beat), Trina Robbins (Pretty in Ink, Wimmen’s Comix), Liz Schiller (Strawberry Jam Comics), and Anina Bennett (Boilerplate, Heartbreakers) how the ideas FoL promoted in 1994 helped create the explosion of comics for a more diverse audience today. Find out how 30 women meeting in a coffee shop during Comic-Con in 1993 grew into a national organization that published news, comics, and a retailer handbook; organized panels and conferences; and gave out the annual Lulu Awards.
Video games have changed a lot over the past decade. But the games industry and studio culture have been slow to change. This panel presents several women, each with years of experience working on successful game titles, who have decided to shape their own careers and reshape the industry they love. Leah Hoyer (Level Headed Games, Telltale, Xbox), Jessie Quinn (Leaftail Labs, Xbox, Bungie), Genese Davis (Omensight, The Holder’s Dominion), Kate Edwards (Geogrify, IGDA), and Theresa Duringer (Temple Gates Games) talk about working in games and the future they see for the industry.
Since 2006, GirlsDrawinGirls has grown from just 18 local LA women artists to around 200 women artists from all over the world. They are all professionals in the animation, comics, video games, and film industry and have chosen to draw pinup art, which has been predominately male dominated, to showcase the art from from a female point of view. By redefining the pinup, they are not only setting the focus on the diverse and talented women in the entertainment arts industry but are also embracing their own take on their bodies and their sexuality on their terms. Featuring Melody Severns (GDG founder, WB Animation, and “Simpsons” artist), Noelle Raffaele (WB director, DC Super Hero Girls), Danni Shinya Luo (world celebrated illustrator), and Lisa Dosson (Disney storyboard artist).
Misty was the groundbreaking British comic for girls that laid the way for women’s horror comics. This diverse panel will discuss how, while horror has often been seen as a male-centric genre, it has always been driven by a huge female fandom and how the revival of Misty can once again pave the way for a new kind of comics. Moderated by journalist Rosie Knight.
Amanda Kennell (University at Buffalo) argues technology’s prominence in Kuwata Jiro’s Batman (a.k.a. the Batmanga) reflects social debates within Japan regarding the distinctions between humanity, technology, and post-humanity. Aviya Amir (University of California, Riverside) demonstrates how the Hebrew-language webcomic Tzahal Sempa (IDF Sempai) paradoxically uses “sempai” as part of a demilitarized and homoromantic portrayal of social bonds within the Israeli army. Nicole Larrondo (The University of Texas at Austin) asks why “boys’ love” manga has been a systematically stigmatized type of cultural production in Chile—even as most BL books are drawn by women for women—and how the genre expresses female sexuality.
We’re in a post-Wonder Woman and Captain Marvel world, well into a time where we all know that girls and women can kick ass and be strong protagonists. That girls can grow up to be president or walk on the moon, or be a queen or a superhero. But a lot of old stereotypes that still persist. How do we reinvent the new girl order to build new characters for the enlightened girl? How do we pay tribute to the heroines of the past while still looking toward the future? What’s the difference between writing established heroines and creating your own? What do creators and fans want out of a powerful female protagonist? Panelists Cecil Castellucci (Snow White), Sarah Kuhn (Batgirl), Nilah Magruder (Marvel Rising), Seanan McGuire (Spider-Gwen), Danielle Paige (Mera), and moderator Jenn Fujikawa (Star Wars and Marvel.com) discuss the challenges of building modern heroines in a variety of mediums for the modern girl.

Brad Ricca (Mrs. Sherlock Holmes, Super Boys), Trina Robbins (Last Girl Standing, The Great Women Cartoonists), Alex Grand (CBH), and Nicky Wheeler-Nicholson (DC Comics Before Superman) discuss the legacy of heroines Miss Fury, Sandra of the Secret Service, and Sally Norris of Bart Rega, Spy, all of whom appeared before Superman and Wonder Woman.

Rona Jaffe Award-winning cartoonist Ebony Flowers and University of California Riverside lecturer Rachelle Cruz (Experiencing Comics) will discuss Flowers’ remarkable and highly anticipated debut Hot Comb. In this graphic novel hair offers an entry point into the anxieties, joys, and support networks of Black women in the U.S. today. Whether she’s detailing an awkward subway ride or describing the burn of a teen’s first perm, realizations about race, class, and the imperfections of identity swirl through Flowers’ poignant stories.
Come learn about Muslim comics creators, gamers, cosplayers, and superfans! David Anthony (The Scarlet Spire), Huda Fahmy (Yes, I’m Hot in This), Charles 3X Alexander (We Are Our Ancestors’ Keepers), Blair Imani (Modern HERstory), and Nabi H. Ali (The Bright Agency) will discuss their work and what’s happening in the industry. Moderated by Dr. Shamika Mitchell (State University of New York, Rockland/Women in Comics).
Yes, there were females at the earliest Comic-Cons, and they weren’t all moms, girlfriends, or spouses of attending male fans. Several of the women who worked on the show in its first few decades tell stories about what it was like back then. Featuring Wendy All, Maeheah Alzmann, Robin Donlan, Beth Holley, Dina Kelso, Clydene Nee, Mikey Ritter, Brinke Stevens, Mary Sturhann, Janet Tait, and moderator Jackie Estrada.

Sydney Heifler (The University of Oxford) uses the historical treatment of romance comics as a case study of how both individual and collective memory affect the historiography of Western comics. Kathleen McClancy (Texas State University) examines how The Coldest City and Velvet engage with Cold War nostalgia to challenge the idea that either espionage or comics themselves were ever just for men. Sam Langsdale (University of North Texas) argues that Marvel’s America queers normative depictions of mainstream superheroes to reevaluate what qualities make a superhero admirable in nonnormative, and thus ultimately more inclusive, ways.

Women in Comics Collective International is an organization that highlights the merit and craftwork of women and nonbinary people in the comic book industry. They host events around the country, including their own Women in Comics convention. In this installment of their ongoing panel series, they discuss how they maintain their career longevity within an ever-changing industry while ushering in a new generation of creators who will help broaden the scope of the comic book medium as a whole. Panelists include Eisner Award–winning artist Alitha E. Martinez, comic book historian and English professor Dr. Shamika Mitchell, digital painter and cover artist Sheeba Maya, illustrator and journalist Alice Meichi Li, educator Vanée Smith-Matsalia, illustrator and colorist Sara Gomez-Woolley, and moderator Regine L. Sawyer, the coordinator and founder of the Women in Comics Collective International.
Celebrate 10 years of Women of Marvel panels and 200 podcast episodes! Hosts Sana Amanat (VP of Content and Character Development, Marvel) and Judy Stephens (producer, Marvel) and others will talk 80 years of Marvel history, what it’s like working as a woman in comics, and the future of the industry.
Not all female artists/creators are about unicorns and glittery vampires and silly pseudo-bondage. Some women create truly dark and challenging art and content, with just enough humor and whimsy to counterbalance all that darkness. Whether it’s comic books, novels, or art, these are the women who are creating content that connects with the deeper, darker side of all of us. Panelists include Mairghread Scott (Netflix’s Magic, The Gathering, Marvel Rising), MD Marie (Vindication), Susan Lee (founder, Women on The Dark Side), and Madeleine Holly-Rosing (Boston Metaphysical Society), moderated by Joelle Monique (Black Girl Nerds).
One day a female comic publisher will be standard-until then, we have Wonder Women! All panelists are female owned and operated comic publishers. These ladies lead by example: Sandy King Carpenter (Storm King Comics), Enrica Jang (Red Stylo Media), D. Lynn Smith (Kymera Press), and C. Spike Trotman (Iron Circus Comics).